Obesity can be defined as excess body weight as compared to the set standards. This excess weight may come from various sources such as bones, muscles, fat or body water. If individual’s Body Mass Index (BMI) is greater than 30, they are considered obese.
Obesity is not longer just a problem in developed nations. People are getting fatter everywhere in almost all the parts of the world. There are various reasons for more and more people getting fatter by each day. Some of them are increase in convenience foods, easy transport, labor saving devices and less physical activity.
These days, obesity is not only problems with adults, but growing number of kids are falling prey to it as well. Atleast 20 million children under the age of 5 are overweight globally according to WHO. This alarming rate of increasing obesity worries the scientists all over the world. Obesity leads to many health problems such as diabetes, heart problems, cancers and BP.
The most commonly used tool to classify people under various categories is BMI Index. It is defined as person’s weight in Kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters. (kg/m2). There is a range of BMI statistics that classifies each individual into various categories. E.g. 18-25 is ideal and if it is 30 and above, you are considered as obese.
Some of the obesity statistics are as follows-
In USA, 58 million people are overweight, 40 million are obese and 3 million are morbidly obese.
8 out of 10 over the age of 25 are overweight.
78% of Americans do not meet basic level of activity recommended.
There is 76% increase in Type II diabetes in the age group of 30-40 years old since 1990.
25% of Americans live a completely sedentary lifestyle.
25% of white children are overweight.
33% of African American and Hispanic children are overweight.
There is a steep rise in the hospital costs related with childhood obesity from $35 million in 1979 to $127 million in 1999.
New studies indicate that one in every four kids is already showing the early signs of type II diabetes.
In US, 3.8 million people are over 300 pounds, 4 million people are over 400 pounds and average weight of adult females is 163 pounds.
BMI of more than 63% of Americans is above 25.
BMI of 30% is more than 30.
Obesity takes 300,000 lives every year.
Obesity among kids has tripled in past twenty years.
Weight loss products and services is a $33 billion industry in US alone.
The epidemic of obesity is steadily increasing over the years among all ages, ethnic groups, genders and all educational levels.
10% of younger preschool kids between the age groups of 2-5 are overweight.
A recent survey reveals that obese children rate their quality of life as low as those of young cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy.
Though numbers are not whopping, it is estimated that in US, 150 adolescents have gone through gastric bypass surgery, also known as stomach stapling.
It is quite surprising that almost 1, 50,000 school going kids and teens are diabetic. This number is increasing and is associated with poor nutrition, lack of physical activity and obesity.
Over past two decades, clinical obesity among kids and adolescents has grown from 6% to 15%.
While there is no direct prevalence information available, a recent obesity statistics concluded that people whose BMI was 40 or more had death rates from cancer that were 52 percent higher for men and 62 percent higher for women than rates for normal-weight men and women.
Being overweight can not only lead to cardiovascular, orthopedic, gastrointestinal, respiratory, neurological, and metabolic diseases such as diabetes, it can also lead to psychological difficulties, which may require the assistance of a trained professional.
These obesity statistics are scary and we must try to learn from them. It’s never too late to lose weight. You health is precious and you must take care of it. Most important thing is to have a healthy and active lifestyle. It will take you a long way in terms of good health. Set example for kids. Do some physical activity as a family so that there is less boredom and more fun.